Today, dump trucks are indispensable machines for construction and industrial companies that need to transport heavy loads over long distances. But these vehicles underwent many changes before becoming what they are today. Read on for a brief history of how dump trucks have evolved.
The genesis of dump trucks goes back to the 1890s when John Isaac Thornycroft created a dust cart that could attach to a carriage. But when the cart was detached, it could tilt and dump its contents. He later developed another version with a manually detachable tipper body that spanned six cubic yards.
When people began to use dump trucks, they had a rope and pulley system that allowed them to remove their loads. But the technology took another leap forward when other firms, such as Galion Buggy Co., developed versions that completely motorized this action.
The addition of hydraulics proved to be another major point in the history of how dump trucks have evolved. Wood Hoist Co. launched hydraulic beds that would change the industry entirely and offered operators a less complicated way to empty their loads.
This technology proved especially useful during World War I when armed forces used dump trucks extensively for transporting equipment. Even after the war ended, business continued to boom for dump truck manufacturers, who saw plenty of applications for the vehicles, especially ones with different body sizes.
Over time, dump trucks continued to undergo more changes, including adding hydraulics to their winches and lift gates. Firms like Komatsu and Euclid launched vehicles that could travel with a larger load and operate with more horsepower.
In the 1970s, R.G. LeTourneau increased driver maneuverability with an articulate dump truck design that featured a wagon that moved its trailer axle in the direction of its tractor. His designs even included a vehicle that could transport 50 tons.
The technology for protecting dump truck beds has advanced over time as well. Linings Inc. offers dump truck liners that protect your beds or trailers from the wear that can occur when hauling all kinds of material. Contact us today to find the right liner for your vehicle!